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Kashi na uku yana ganin kasuwancin ƙasashen waje yana faɗaɗa

Cinikin ketare na kasar Sin ya fadada a kwata na uku zuwa wani babban tarihi, wanda hakan ya sanya bunkasar yawan kayayyakin da ake shigowa dasu daga kasashen waje da shigo da kaya daga kasashen waje suka zama marasa kyau zuwa na kwarai, a cewar bayanan kwastam.

Haɓakar fitar da kaya a cikin dala ya ɗaga zuwa 9.9 bisa ɗari a shekara a watan Satumba daga kashi 9.5 cikin 100 a watan Agusta, wanda ke nuna wata na shida a jere na adadin fitar da kayayyaki zuwa ƙasa sama da hasashen kasuwa.

Shigo da kayayyaki, a halin yanzu, ya karu da kashi 13.2 bisa ɗari daga shekarar da ta gabata, yana mai juyar da raguwar kashi 2.1 na shekara-shekara a watan Agusta, sama da tsammanin kasuwa kuma ya rage rarar cinikin cinikin zuwa dala biliyan 37 a watan Satumba daga dala biliyan 58.9 a watan Agusta.

Matsayin kasar Sin a matsayin fitowar tattalin arziki na farko da kuma na farko daga cikin cutar ta COVID-19, wanda ya taimaka wajen karuwar fitar da PPE (kayan kariya na mutum) da kayan aiki / karatu-daga gida , yayin da masu fafatawa ke cikin rudani a cikin annobar, a cewar kamfanin kula da harkokin kudi Nomura.

Lu Ting, babban masanin tattalin arzikin kasar Sin, ya ce "Ci gaban fitar da kayayyaki na kasar Sin na iya ci gaba da daukaka har zuwa wasu 'yan watanni saboda guguwar ruwan sama ta COVID-19 da ke kasashen ketare." "A wani bangaren kuma, cigaban da aka samu a watan Satumba a cikin karuwar shigo da galibin kayan masarufi ta hanyar karin girma ya nuna karfin bukatar cikin gida da kuma wasu kwaskwarima."

Goldman Sachs kuma yana fatan ƙarfin fitarwa ya ci gaba a cikin watanni masu zuwa kuma shigo da kayayyaki na iya ci gaba da faɗaɗa a bayan ci gaba da murmurewa cikin ayyukan cikin gida.

A zangon farko na uku na shekarar 2020, cinikin kasashen waje gaba daya ya fadada da kaso 0.7 a kowace shekara zuwa jimillar yuan tiriliyan 23.12 (kwatankwacin dalar Amurka biliyan 3.43), tare da fitar da kayayyaki ya karu zuwa yuan tiriliyan 12.71, adadin da ya karu da kashi 1.8 bisa dari daga shekarar da ta gabata, yayin da aka shigo da shi. ya sauka da kashi 0.6 cikin 100 zuwa yuan trillion 10.41, in ji General Administration of Customs a ranar Talata.

Li Kuiwen, daraktan sashen kididdigar al'adun, Li Kuiwen ya ce, "Dangane da mummunan tasirin cutar ta COVID-19, kasar Sin ta kara azama kan manufofinta na macro, ta yi iyakacin kokarin tabbatar da kwanciyar hankali a bangarori shida da tsaro a fannoni shida."

Li ya ce "Mun samu manyan nasarori a game da rigakafin baki daya da kuma kula da cutar, da ci gaban tattalin arziki da zamantakewar al'umma, kuma tasirin manufofi kan daidaita kasuwancin kasashen waje ya ci gaba da bayyana, tare da shigowa da fitarwa da kyau fiye da yadda ake tsammani."

Bayan fuskantar abin firgita a farkon kwata, shigowa da fitarwa sun sami galibi a cikin watannin Afrilu zuwa Yuni duk da cewa har yanzu suna sanya ɗan ƙaramin shekara-shekara.

A zango na uku, shigo da cinikin waje na kasar Sin ya karu zuwa yuan tiriliyan 8.88, wanda ya karu da kashi 7.5 bisa dari a shekara, kuma daga cikin kayayyakin da aka fitar sun tashi da kaso 10.2 cikin dari zuwa yuan tiriliyan 5 kuma shigo da kaya ya bunkasa da kashi 4.3 bisa dari zuwa yuan tiriliyan 3.88. Duk waɗannan adadi guda uku sun kasance mafi tsayi sosai a cikin kwata.

Ofungiyar Nationsasashen Kudu maso Gabashin Asiya ita ce babbar abokiyar kasuwancin Sin a cikin ɓangarorin uku na farko.

Kasuwancin kasashen waje da kasar ta ASEAN ya karu da yuan tiriliyan 3.38, wanda ya karu da kashi 7.7, wanda ya kai kashi 14.6 cikin dari na babban labarin cinikin waje na kasar Sin a cikin watanni tara na farko.

Ciniki tare da Tarayyar Turai ya kara da Yuan tiriliyan 3.23, wanda ya karu da kashi 2.9, wanda hakan ya sa kungiyar Tarayyar Turai ta zama babbar abokiyar ciniki a China. Kasuwancin China da Amurka ya sake farfadowa daga faduwar farko, inda darajar ta tashi da kaso 2 cikin 100 zuwa yuan tiriliyan 2.82 a tsawon.

Kasuwanci tare da ƙasashe tare da Belt da Road, a halin yanzu, ya haɓaka kashi 1.5 zuwa jimlar yuan tiriliyan 6.75.

Kwastam din ya nuna saurin bunkasuwar kasuwancin kasashen waje ta kamfanoni masu zaman kansu. A farkon zangon farko na shekarar, sun ba da gudummawar jimillar yuan tiriliyan 10.66 ga fitarwa da shigo da kasar Sin, wanda ya karu da kashi 10.2 bisa dari a shekara, wanda ya kai kashi 46.1 na jimillar darajar cinikayyar kasashen waje wanda ya dara maki 4 da digo daya. lokaci a bara.

Daga cikin wannan jimillar, kamfanoni masu zaman kansu sun fitar da jimillar fitar da kudin kasar yuan tiriliyan 7.02, adadin da ya karu da kashi 10, wanda ya kai kashi 55.2 cikin 100 na yawan kayayyakin da kasar Sin ke fitarwa, yayin da shigo da kaya ya karu da kaso 10.5 cikin dari zuwa yuan tiriliyan 3.64, wanda ya kai kashi 35 na na shigo da kanun labarai.

A daidai wannan lokacin, kamfanonin da suka zuba jari daga kasashen waje sun ba da gudummawar shigowa da fitarwa na yuan tiriliyan 8.91, wanda ya kai kashi 38.5. Shigo da kamfanonin mallakar gwamnati ya sayo sama da yuan tiriliyan 3.46 wanda ya kai kashi 15 cikin 100 na jimillar.

An ci gaba da inganta tsarin tsarin cinikayya, tare da yawan cinikayyar da ake yi a dukkan fannonin cinikayyar kasar baki daya, in ji Li.

A cikin watanni tara na farko, babban ciniki na kasar Sin ya tashi da kashi 2.1 bisa dari zuwa yuan tiriliyan 8.55, wanda ya kai kashi 60.2 cikin 100 na jimillar shigo da kayayyaki da kayayyakin kasashen waje wanda ya karu da kashi 0.8 cikin dari sama da na makamancin lokacin bara.

Dangane da masana'antu, fitar da kayayyakin rigakafin annoba, kwamfyutocin tafi-da-gidanka da kayan aikin gida sunyi kyau, saboda sauye-sauyen rayuwa da cutar ta kawo.

"Kaddamar da sabbin kayayyakin masarufi na kayan masarufi da bukatar kayan aiki daga gida ya bunkasa shigo da kayayyaki," in ji Betty Wang, babbar masaniyar tattalin arzikin China a Australia da Bankin Bankin New Zealand.

Nomura's Lu ta yi imanin cewa bukatar kwamfyutocin tafi-da-gidanka na iya kasancewa na tsawan wasu watanni, "kasancewar yana daya daga cikin muhimman kayan aikin da ake bukata don koyon yanar gizo, kodayake karfinsa na iya yin rauni yayin bukatar matsakaita zuwa makaranta."

Har ila yau, bayanin kula, fitattun magunguna da magungunan magani ya tashi da kashi 21.8, yayin da na kayan aikin likitanci da kayan aiki suka kai kashi 48.2.

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Post lokaci: Oktoba-14-2020